More than 60 percent of the buildings of the Ming and Qing dynasties and the Republic of China are still preserved in zhouzhuang, among which there are nearly 100 ancient houses and more than 60 brick gate buildings, as well as some crossing the street and water wall gate, which is typical in the water town of the South of the Yangtze River. Among these buildings, the most representative is shen Hall. Shenting is located on nanshi Street on the south side of the east side of Fuan Bridge. It faces west with seven doors and five gate buildings. There are more than 100 houses of all sizes, distributed on both sides of the 100-meter-long central axis, covering an area of more than 2,000 square meters.
Shen Hall, formerly known as Jingye Hall, was renamed Songmao Hall in the late Qing Dynasty. It was built by Shen Benren, a descendant of Shen Wansan, in the seventh year of Qianlong's reign in the Qing Dynasty (1742 AD). According to records of Zhouzhuang Town: "Shen Benren was fond of evil travel at an early age, and all his friends were bandits. The death of his father had come before three years of his life. Hearing this, Ben Ren still bought wine, summoned all the bandits to drink, and gave money to each of them. He said, 'I must be a support portal now, so I can't travel with you. 'Therefore, closed the door to the business of agriculture, in the house of daye hall side extension dedicated hall house, more than 100 rafter mansion, thousands of acres of fertile farmland, then into a town room." It seems that Shen Benren is the kind of prodigal son back jin never change the figure, he did not squandered the inheritance of the family property, after the death of his father hard work, expand the family property, built a considerable scale of Shen Hall.
Shenyang hall consists of three parts. The front part is the water wall gate and the river port, which is specially used for family to dock boats and wash clothes. It is the unique building of jiangnan water town. The middle is the gatehouse, teahouse, main hall, is to pick up guests, wedding and funeral events and the place of discussion; The rear is the lobby, small lobby and rear hall house, for the living place. The whole hall is a typical "front hall and back hall" architectural pattern. The front and rear buildings are connected by the street building and corridor pavilion, forming a ring through the horse building, which is rare for similar buildings.
Seven into the hall, covering an area of 170 square meters of song MAO Hall in the middle. The main hall is eleven meters wide, with porch in front and seven purlin eleven meters deep, and porch behind the hall. The front of the main hall was square, and on both sides of the hall were secondary rooms, which were connected with the front and rear wings. The roof is two slope hard peak, except six purlin to seven purlin for single roof shed, the rest are double roof shed. Hall beams and columns thick, engraved with python dragon, kylin, flying crane, dance wind and other decorations. In the center of the hall hangs a plaque, "Songmao Hall" three protruding clay and gold characters, written by Zhang Jian, the number one scholar in the late Qing Dynasty. Facing the atrium, the brick gatehouse is the most magnificent of the five gatehouses. It is six meters high, with three rooms and five floors. It is covered with brick eaves, with high curved corners and brick brackets. In the middle of the board, engraved with "thick streamer" four words, around the forehead frame engraved with fine red plum spring relief.
There are figures, beasts and pavilions and other patterns on the brick gate, including "The Story of the Western Chamber", "Number one Scholar riding a white horse" and other classical dramas, with fine lines and smooth lines, different characters and expressions, lifelike. In a long brick plate engraved on the front, middle and far three scenes, its fine carving, clever idea, enough to be comparable with the Brick gate in suzhou Master of Nets Garden.
The wooden beams of the lobby are thick and round in Ming pattern. The floor is the single loose board that controls 60 centimeters wide mostly, firm and solid, can imagine the difficult weight of the project when building in those days. The balustrades and mullioned Windows of the lobby are more delicate, which are different from the architectural style of the lobby and belong to the Hui style.
Shen Hall was badly damaged during the Ten Year Holocaust. Since 1983, the restoration project of Shen Hall has been started. Songmao Hall, teahouse and main hall building have been restored successively, and zouma Building has been opened. The back hall house has also communicated with the shimmering Yinbang. The renovated Shen Hall, restored to the style of qing Dynasty buildings, has become a popular tourist attraction.
Shen Hall of the fifth into, placed the south of the rich Shen Wansan sitting statue, in front of his glittering cornucopia. People from all over the world look at this 600-year-old wuzhong tycoon, either for some enlightenment and reference, or to satisfy their wish for blessings. No matter what identity, everyone who walks into Shen Hall will have a keen interest in Shen Wansan, the legendary figure.
Address: 96 Nanshi Street
Classic must visit